Please email me if you would like a pdf and can’t access the links. Also see my profile on Google scholar (Google Scholar, ResearcherID H-9001-2013, ORCID). My name and those of my students and postdocs in bold.

Peer reviewed publications


41. Bland, L.M., Regan, T.J., Dinh, M.N., Ferrari, R., Keith, D.A., Lester, R., Mouillot, D., Murray, N.J., Nguyen, H.A. & Nicholson, E. (2017) Using multiple lines of evidence to assess the risk of ecosystem collapse. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, in press.

40. Pettorelli, N., Schulte to Bühne, H., Tulloch, A., Dubois, G., Macinnis-Ng, C., Queirós, A.M., Keith, D.A., Wegmann, M., Schrodt, F., Stellmes, M., Sonnenschein, R., Geller, G.N., Roy, S., Somers, B., Murray, N., Bland, L., Geijzendorffer, I., Kerr, J.T., Broszeit, S., Leitão, P.J., Duncan, C., El Serafy, G., He, K.S., Blanchard, J.L., Lucas, R., Mairota, P., Webb, T.J. & Nicholson, E (2017) Satellite remote sensing of ecosystem functions: opportunities, challenges and way forward. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, in press [link]

39. Bunnefeld, N., Nicholson, E., & Milner-Gulland, E. (Eds.). (2017). Decision-Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Models for Interdisciplinary Approaches (Conservation Biology). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316135938 [link]

38. Nicholson, E., Fulton, E., & Collen, B. (2017). Linking Biodiversity Indicators with Global Conservation Policy. In N. Bunnefeld, E. Nicholson, & E. Milner-Gulland (Eds.), Decision-Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Models for Interdisciplinary Approaches (Conservation Biology, pp. 182-195). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316135938.009 (email for pdf)

37. Burgass, M.J., Halpern, B.S., Nicholson, E. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2017) Navigating uncertainty in environmental composite indicators. Ecological Indicators, 75, 268-278 [link]

36. Davies, H.F., McCarthy, M.A., Firth, R.S.C., Woinarski, J.C.Z., Gillespie, G.R., Andersen, A.N., Geyle, H.M., Nicholson, E. & Murphy, B.P. (2017) Top-down control of species distributions: feral cats driving the regional extinction of a threatened rodent in northern Australia. Diversity and Distributions, 23, 272–283 [link].

35. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.J., Rodríguez, J.P. & Bedward, M. (2017) The use of range size to assess risks to biodiversity from stochastic threats. Diversity and Distributions, 23, 474–483 [link].

34. Southwell D., Tingley R., Bode M., Nicholson E. & Phillips B. (2017) Cost and feasibility of a barrier to halt the spread of invasive cane toads in arid Australia: incorporating expert knowledge into model-based decision-making. Journal of Applied Ecology: 54, 216–224 [link]


33. Costelloe B.T., Collen B., Milner-Gulland E.J., Craigie I.D., McRae L., Rondinini C. & Nicholson E. (2016) Global biodiversity indicators reflect the modelled impacts of protected area policy change. Conservation Letters, 9 (1): 14-20 [link].

32. Wallace APC, Jones JPG, Milner-Gulland E.J., Wallace GE, Young R & Nicholson E (2016) Drivers of the Distribution of Fisher Effort at Lake Alaotra, Madagascar. Human Ecology: 1-13 [link]

31. Collen B., McRae L., Nicholson E., Craigie I.D., Milner-Gulland E.J., Loh J. & Whitmee S. (2016). Species population trends in protected areas. In: Protected areas: are they safeguarding biodiversity? (eds. Joppa L., Robinson J. & Baillie J.E.M.). pp 105-121. Wiley-Blackwell Cambridge, United Kingdom [link].


30. Nicholson E. (2015) Accounting for career breaks. Science, 348, 830 [link, Altmetrics]

29. Wallace APC, Milner-Gulland E.J., Jones JPG, Bunnefeld N, Young R & Nicholson E (2015) Quantifying the short-term costs of conservation interventions for fishers at Lake Alaotra, Madagascar. PLoS One, 10(6): e0129440 [link]

28. Bland, L.M., Orme, C.D.L., Bielby, J., Collen, B., Nicholson, E. & McCarthy, M.A. (2015) Cost-effective assessment of extinction risk with limited information. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52 (4): 861–870, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12459. [link]

27. Nicholson E., Regan T.J., Auld T.D., Burns E., Chisholm L.A., English V., Harris S., Harrison P., Kingsford R.T., Leishman M.R., Metcalfe D.J., Pisanu P., Watson C.J., White M., White M.D., Williams R.J., Wilson B. & Keith D.A. (2015). Towards consistency, rigour and compatibility of risk assessments for ecosystems and ecological communities. Austral Ecology40 (4): 347–363 [link], part of a special issue, Ecosystem risk assessment.

26. Keith, D.A., Rodríguez, J.P., Brooks, T.M., Burgman, M.A., Barrow, E.G., Bland, L., Comer, P.J., Franklin, J., Link, J., McCarthy, M.A., Miller, R.M., Murray, N.J., Nel, J., Nicholson, E., Olivera-Miranda, M.A., Regan, T.J., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Rouget, M. & Spalding, M.D. (2015) The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems: motivations, challenges and applications. Conservation Letters, 8 (3): 214–226 [link].

25. Rodríguez, J.P., Keith, D.A., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Murray, N.J., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.J., Miller, R.M., Barrow, E.G., Bland, L.M., Boe, K., Brooks, T.M., Oliveira-Miranda, M.A., Spalding, M. & Wit, P. (2014) A practical guide to the application of the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems criteria. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society B, 370: 20140003, DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0003 [link].


24. Collen B. & Nicholson E. (2014). Taking the measure of change. Science, 346, 166-167 [link]

23. Whitehead A.L., Kujala H., Ives C.D., Gordon A., Lentini P.E., Wintle B.A., Nicholson E. & Raymond C.R. (2014) Integrating biological and social values when prioritizing places for biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology28 (4): 992–1003 [link]


22. Keith D.A., Rodríguez J.P., Rodríguez-Clark K.M., Nicholson E., Aapala K., Alonso A., Asmussen M., Bachman S., Bassett A., Barrow E.G., Benson J.S., Bishop M.J., Bonifacio R., Brooks T.M., Burgman M.A., Comer P., Comín F.A., Essl F., Faber-Langendoen D., Fairweather P.G., Holdaway R.J., Jennings M., Kingsford R.T., Lester R.E., Mac Nally R., McCarthy M.A., Moat J., Oliveira-Miranda M.A., Pisanu P., Poulin B., Regan T.J., Riecken U., Spalding M.D. & Zambrano-Martínez S. (2013) Scientific foundations for an IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. PLoS ONE, 8(5): e62111 [link]

21. Nicholson E., Lindenmayer D.B., Frank K. & Possingham H.P. (2013). Testing the focal species approach to conservation planning for species persistence. Diversity and Distributions, 19 (5-6): 530–540 [link]

20. Ponce-Reyes, R., Nicholson, E., Baxter, P., Fuller, R.A. & Possingham, H.P. (2013) Extinction risk in cloud forest fragments under climate change and habitat loss. Diversity & Distributions, 19 (5-6): 518–529 [link].


19. Nicholson, E., Collen, B., Barausse, A., Blanchard, J. L., Costelloe, B. T., Sullivan, K. M. E., Underwood, F. M., Burn, R. W., Fritz, S., Jones, J. P. G., McRae, L., Possingham, H. P. & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2012) Robust policy decisions with global biodiversity indicators. PLoS One, 7(7): e41128 [link]

18. Rodríguez, J. P., K. M. Rodríguez-Clark, D. A. Keith, E. G. Barrow, J. Benson, E. Nicholson and P. Wit (2012) IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. S.A.P.I.EN.S [Online] 5.2

17. Schlüter M., McAllister R.R.J., Arlinghaus R., Bunnefeld N., Eisenack K., Hölker F., Milner-Gulland E.J., Müller B., Nicholson E., Quaas M. & Stöven M. (2012). New horizons for managing the environment: A review of coupled social-ecological systems modeling. Natural Resource Modeling, 25 (1), 219-272 [link].


16. Gibbons J.M., Nicholson E., Milner-Gulland E.J. & Jones J.P.G. (2011). Should payments for biodiversity conservation be based on action or results? Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 1218-1226 [link].

15. De Ornellas P., Milner-Gulland E.J. & Nicholson E. (2011). The impact of data realities on conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 144, 1980–1988 [link].

14. Jones J.P.G., Collen B., Atkinson G., Baxter P., Bubb P., Illian J., Katzner T., Keane A., Loh J., Macdonald-Madden E., Nicholson E., Pereira H., Possingham H.P., Pullin A., Rodrigues A.S.L., Viviana Ruiz-Gutierrez V., Sommerville M. & Milner-Gulland E.J. (2011). The why, what and how of global biodiversity indicators beyond the 2010 Target. Conservation Biology, 25, 450–457. [link]

13. Rodriguez J.P., Rodriguez-Clark K.M., Baillie J.E.M., Ash N., Benson J., Boucher T., Brown C., Burgess N., Collen B., Jennings M., Keith D.A., Nicholson E., Revenga C., Reyers B., Rouget M., Smith T., Spalding M., Taber A., Walpole M., Zager I. & Zamin T. (2011). Establishing IUCN Red List Criteria for threatened ecosystems. Conservation Biology, 25, 21-29. [link]


12. Guillera-Arroita G., Lahoz-Monfort J.J., Milner-Gulland E.J., Young R.P. & Nicholson E. (2010). Monitoring and conservation of the critically endangered Alaotran gentle lemur Hapalemur alaotrensis. Madagascar Conservation and Development, 5, 29-35 [link]

11. Guillera-Arroita, G., Lahoz-Monfort, J.J., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Young, R.P. & Nicholson, E. (2010) Evaluating occupancy for monitoring the Critically Endangered Alaotran gentle lemur (Hapalemur alaotrensis). Endangered Species Research, 11:157-166 [link].

10. Lahoz-Monfort J.J., Guillera-Arroita G., Milner-Gulland E.J., Young R.P. & Nicholson E. (2010). Satellite imagery as a single source of predictor variables for habitat suitability modelling: how Landsat can inform the conservation of a critically endangered lemur. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 1094-1102. [link]


9. Nicholson E., Mace G.M., Armsworth P.R., Atkinson G., Buckle S., Clements T., Ewers R.M., Fa J.E., Gardner T.A., Gibbons J., Grenyer R., Metcalfe R., Mourato S., Muuls M., Osborn D., Reuman D.C., Watson C. & Milner-Gulland E.J. (2009). Priority research areas for ecosystem services in a changing world. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 1139-1144.[link]

8. Nicholson E., D. A. Keith, and D. S. Wilcove (2009) Assessing the threat status of ecological communities. Conservation Biology, 23 (2): 259-274. [link]

7. Nicholson E. & O. Ovaskainen (2009) Conservation prioritization using metapopulation models. pp 110-121, in Spatial conservation prioritisation: quantitative methods and computational tools (eds. Moilanen A, Possingham HP & Wilson KA). Oxford University Press, Oxford. [email for a pdf]

2008 & earlier

6. Beissinger, S., E. Nicholson & H.P. Possingham (2008) Application of population viability analysis to landscape conservation planning. Pages 33-49 in: Models For Planning Wildlife Conservation In Large Landscapes (eds. Millspaugh JJ & Thompson FR). Elsevier Science, The Netherlands [email for a pdf]

5. Possingham, H. P., and E. Nicholson (2007). Principles of landscape design that emerge from a formal problem-solving approach. Pages 520-535 in D. B. Lindenmayer, and R. J. Hobbs, editors. Managing and designing landscapes for conservation: moving from perspectives to principles. Blackwell, Malden, MA. [email for a pdf]

4. Nicholson E. & H. P. Possingham (2007) Making conservation decisions under uncertainty for the persistence of multiple species. Ecological Applications 17 (1): 251-265. [link]

3. Nicholson E. & H. P. Possingham (2006) Objectives for multiple species conservation planning. Conservation Biology 20 (3): 871-881. [link]

2. Nicholson E., M. I. Westphal, K. Frank , W. A. Rochester, R. L. Pressey, D. Lindenmayer & H. P. Possingham (2006) A new method for conservation planning for the persistence of multiple species. Ecology Letters 9 (9): 1049-1060. [link]

1. Nicholson E., J. F. Ryan, D. Hodgkins (2002) Community data: where does the value lie? Assessing confidence limits of community collected water quality data. Water Science & Technology 45 (11): 193-200.


Nicholson E. (2014) Testing the focal species approach. Decision Point, 83: 10 [link]

Nicholson E. (2012) Testing the waters – from global CBD targets to indicators to achievements. Decision Point, 64: 10 [link]

Nicholson E. (2012) IPBES – a platform for intergovernmental action on biodiversity. Decision Point, 61: 12 [link] Nicholson E. (2012) A Red List of Ecosystems. Decision Point, 62: 15 [link]

Nicholson E., Mace G.M., Armsworth P.R., Atkinson G., Buckle S., Clements T., Ewers R.M., Fa J.E., Gardner T.A., Gibbons J., Grenyer R., Metcalfe R., Mourato S., Muûls M., Osborn D., Reuman D.C., Watson C. & Milner-Gulland E.J. (2008) Quantifying the value of ecosystem services in a changing world, Policy submission for the LWEC Partner Board

Nicholson E., Knight, A. & Wilcove, D.S. (2007) Assessing portfolio effectiveness and predicting outcomes in ecoregional conservation planning. The Nature Conservancy, Gainesville

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